Diamond

buyers guide

History

Diamonds were first found in India, along the river banks, more than 2,500 years ago. The diamond was known in India during the Buddhist period from about 400B.C. Travellers brought these diamonds to the Mediterranean.

There is mention of diamonds in the Old Testament and in the histories of Greek and Roman times.

In the eighteenth century, diamonds were found in Brazil and in 1866 the first diamond was found in South Africa.

Diamond cutting affects the way the diamond reacts to light and creates the beauty of the diamond. In 1476 a Flemish cutter discovered that a diamond would shine more brightly if facets were ground on to the surface of the diamond. The 58 facet form, which is used as the basis for diamond cutting today, was discovered in the eighteenth century.

The earliest recorded diamond engagement ring was given in 1477 to Mary of Burgundy by Maximillian of Hapsburg.